This is an introduction to my visits to the most beautiful national park of northern India ..
Jungles can never run out of magic and awe and Corbett TR (Tiger Reserve) is Undoubtedly the most beautiful picturesque National Park in North and Central India, it is also India’s first National Park.. In 1957, the Park was renamed after Jim Corbett, the famed hunter-author-photographer-naturalist.
Jim Corbett is famous for his exploits in the jungles of Nainital and Kumaon, where he shot many man-eaters. On the road to Nainital from the Park is Jim Corbett’s home, it’s now a museum.
The national Park is situated in the Himalayan foothills, amidst forested mountains that range from 400m (1,312ft) to 1,210m (3,970ft) in height. Ramganga river flows through the park creating breathtaking landscapes. Dhikala, Gairal and Bijrani are some of the main places to stay in the reserve. though Dhikala is popular spot for regular tourists ,Gairal is the place to stay for those who want to enjoy the serene beauty of the place
This awesome TR is just 300km to the northeast of Delhi and well connected by road.
Corbett National Park has more than 50 species of mammals, 585 species of birds and 25 species of reptiles, but the Park is known for its elephants and leopards, and unfortunately not its tigers. Many kinds of deer, namely chital (spotted deer), sambar (Indian stag), chinkara (Indian gazelle), pada (hog deer) and muntjac (barking deer) abound in the Park.Tiger sighting is rare, in spite of a lot of alarm calls from monkeys and deer. Elephant herds comprising tuskers, females and calves are commonly seen.An elephant herd with calves is perhaps the most dangerous encounter in the wild, for elephants are very possessive of their young and do not hesitate to charge at intruding human beings.Leopard sighting is even rarer than that of the tiger, as they confine themselves to the higher reaches of the Park. Other feline species found in the Park are leopard cats, jungle cats, the rare fishing cat, and caracal, to name a few. Sloth bears, wild boars, monkeys, dholes (wild dogs), jackals and ghorals (mountain goats) are also seen in the Park.
The aquatic reptile population in the Park consists of mugger (Crocodylus palustris) and gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) crocodiles, while Indian rock pythons, Russell’s vipers, cobras, king cobras and common kraits are some of the snakes found in the Park. Bird life includes parakeets, flycatchers, babblers, cuckoos, robins, bulbuls, Indian and Great Pied hornbills, warblers and finches.
Corbett national park provides invaluable experiences for adventurous and wildlife enthusiasts, photographers and anglers. Elephant rides for wildlife viewing, in the mornings and evenings or the jeep safari is the best as walking without permission is an offense.
Going into CORE AREA is prohibited and swimming is also not allowed in the Ramganga river due to the ghariyal population .
Apart from its enchanting wildlife, the park is also known for its diverse variety of flora.Ranging from the evergreen Sal to , Sheesam, dhak , bael and other flowering trees . The Sal and the Sheesam, are the two most important timber trees of north India.
In addition, there are many forest trees such as palas ( the flame of the forest), the lovely amalatas (Indian laburnum) and kachnar that burst into bloom during spring season, providing an enchantingly beautiful look to the Corbett National Park.
Exceptionally rich in its avifauna the park is a delight for bird watchers. There are about 600 birds species here which include domestic as well as the migratory birds. Cormorants, the Darter, the Grey Heron, Egrets, the Cattle Egret, the White-necked and Black-necked Storks, the Spot bill, the Large Pied Wagtail and White-capped Redstart can be spotted easily. Great Crested Grebe, Graylag Geese, White Storks, Black Storks, Sandpipers, Snipe, the Great Black-headed Gull, about 15 kinds of ducks, and a variety of Wagtails. Another water-bird in the park is White or Rosy Pelicans occasionally noticed.these water birds are a feast for nature lovers.
Crested Serpent Eagle, the Black-winged Kite, the Indian Shikra, the Himalayan Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, Himalayan Vultures and Lesser and Greater Spotted Eagles, Hawk-Eagles, the Crested Honey Buzzard and the Black Eagle are the common birds of pray to be found here .
The migratory birds of prey include the Osprey, the Peregrine Falcon, the Booted Hawk- Eagle and the Steppe Eagle.
Over 18 kinds of owls identified in the Corbett National Park including the Spotted Owlet, Fish Owls. The nightjars in the park include the Jungle Nightjar, the Franklin’s Nightjar, the Stone Curlew and the Great Stone Plover.
One can also see Green Pigeons, Parakeets, Cuckoos, Hornbills, Barbets, Woodpeckers, Orioles, Drongos, Pies, Babblers and Thrushes. Among the ground-birds (woodland) are the Peafowl, the Red Jungle fowl, and the White-crested Kalij Pheasant.
Black Partridge, Doves, Bea-eaters, Rollers, the Hoopoe, Shrikes, Larks, Mynas, Bulbuls, Warblers, Tailor Bird, Robins, Chats, Redstarts, Bayas and Finches are commonly sighted .
The famous Indian Alpine Swift, Crested Swifts, the Dusky Crag Martin, Striated (or Red-rumpled) Swallows, the Indian Cliff Shallow, and the Wire-tailed Swallow are some of the other species found here.