I love Kashmiri cuisine. Shab Deg, Goshtaba, Rogan Josh, Rista, Yakhni , Dum Olav, Modur Pulav, you name it and I can live on it for the rest of my life. Rich in flavors and mild in taste these dishes are to die for. I so want to learn to cook the non vegetarian dishes but seldom get the chance but I did prepare one of my vegetarian favorites Nadru Yakhni.
This was my second attempt and turned out to be delicious though perhaps not so close to the authentic one Kashmiri pandits make. Preparing gravies for Kashmiri cuisine is a labor of love as it involves slow simmering to get the aromatic flavors from the spices like cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, aniseed, fennel powder, cumin and Hing which gives them a distinct flavor and transforms the dish totally. No Onion, garlic is used in these gravies.
The picture is not very good but I will replace it with a nice one next time when I make the dish. The ones below look better. 🙂
The taste is awesome that I can assure you.
Anything with curd is a summer favorite and Nadru Yakhni is such a beautiful dish. Lotus stem / bhen / nadroo or nadru in rich yogurt base infused with cardamoms, clove, bay leaves and dry ginger, fennel makes it a delicacy that is beyond compare. A friend told me that it is usually the part of Koshur Saal.
Lotus stem may not be very appealing to look at but from inside it is white and has a lovely pattern. Apart from the nice crunch it has loads of iron, dietary fiber and calcium.
I love lotus stem and prepare it the Punjabi way with fried onions, tomatoes and spices or the Sindhi way which is somewhat similar. I also do a stir fry sometimes and make kebabs which can beat any non vegetarian kebabs.
Now the Nadur Yakhni Recipe (Kashmiri Pandits’ Version)
Lotus Stem / Bhe / Nadru – 1 Kg (Long Thick and preferably closed at both ends)
Ghee / Clarified Butter / mustard oil – 5 tbs
Dry Ginger Powder (Shonth) – 1 – 1/1/2 tsp
Black Cardamom – Seeds from 4 (powdered)
Green Cardamom – seeds from 4 (powdered)
Fennel Powder (Baadyan) – 3 tsp
Clove – 4-5
Asafoetida (Yenga) – 1/4 tsp dissolved in a tsp of water
Full Fat Beaten Curd – 3 Cups (Room temperature)
Coriander leaves – For garnish
Cinnamon Stick – 1/2 inch
Sugar – 1/2 tsp
Salt – to taste
Cumin Seeds – 1 tsp
Shahi Zeera – 1 tsp
Water – 3 Cups
Mix whole cardamoms – 2 queen cardamom crushed, 2 green cardamom crushed)
Coriander Leaves – for garnish
Wash, scrape and clean the lotus stems. Make sure there is no dirt inside the holes. Use a knitting needle to get rid of that.
Cut them diagonally / Slants and keep them immersed in lukewarm water or they will lose color and turn brown.
In a heavy bottom sauce pan or pressure cooker put the nadru pieces, 1/2 tsp of salt, bay leaves, cinnamon stick, cloves, crushed whole cardamoms, whole peppercorns, salt and two glasses of water. Cook till tender but not mushy. They must retain the crunch. Cooking time will depend on the quality of nadru.
Heat the ghee in a pan and add zeera and asafoetida along with the beaten curd. Keep stirring or the curd will curdle. Let it come to a boil then get a silk like smooth texture.
Add the powdered spices, dry ginger powder, continue to stir. Rub the shahi zeera in palms and add.
Add the boiled nadru along with the spice flavored water. Continue to boil for at least 10-20 minutes on low heat. There should be thick rich gravy coating the nadru pieces. Check for spices and salt and add if needed.
Remove from heat and spoon it in a serving dish. Garnish with fresh chopped coriander leaves if desired.
Serve with hot rice.
You can fry the whole spices in a tablespoon of ghee before adding to the nadru while boiling. Reserve this ghee and pour it on the top of the finished dish before serving.
You can slightly fry the nadru pieces in a little ghee before boiling. They will retain the color and crunch. Do not brown them.
Make sure to blend curd properly so that there are no pieces in it. I usually pulse it in a mixer.
Karusi methi or dried crushed fenugreek leaves are used in the original recipe. Put 1/2 tsp at the end if using.
Nadru Yakhni With Pran (Onion Paste) – Wazwan style
This nadru yakhni Wazwan style that I made today is fiery and has browned onion paste in it. This is my version and so looks different from the authentic. I think it looks like a cross between a rogan josh and yakhni curry. 🙂 But, it tastes incredible. Put a little less pran and chilies and you will have a light brownish white original curry.
The Muslims of Kashmir add Pran or Kashmiri Onion paste to their version otherwise the cooking process is same.
To make Pran you need to slice about 450gm of small red onions/ shallots thinly and sprinkle some salt so they release water. Keep them for 3-4 minutes and squeeze out the water. Fry them slowly in ghee till golden brown and take them out on absorbent kitchen paper to remove excess ghee. Put them in a grinder and make a smooth paste. Add 2 tablespoons of Praan after the zeera crackles and saute it before adding curd. I also add Kashmiri red chilli powder and 2 tsp of whole black pepper corns while boiling the lotus stems so it is fiery and aromatic at the same time.
You can make a quicker version by heating the mustard oil or ghee in the pressure cooker and adding the whole spices, raw lotus stem pieces and frying a bit then adding the pran and then the curd mixture infused with ground spices and salt. Add water and pressure cook for 4-5 whistles or till the lotus stem pieces are tender but not mushy. Cook on low – medium flame so that the curd doesn’t curdle. The nadru crunch should remain. Garnish with coriander leaves and serve with chapati or rice.